TN TRB Graduate teacher and BRTE results 2024 declared, direct links to check

TN TRB Graduate Teacher, BRTE results 2024: The Tamil Nadu Teachers Recruitment Board (TN TRB) has released the results for the Graduate Teachers Block Resource Teacher Educators (BRTE) examination 2024.
Candidates can now download their exam results from the official website. Along with the results, the board has released the list of disqualified candidates, the final answer key, and the status of any objections raised. On February 4, 2024, 40,136 of the 41,485 candidates who applied for the written examination took part.
The notice states that many candidates made mistakes when marking or shading the Question Booklet series on their OMR answer sheets. This series is critical in evaluating the answer sheets. If candidates did not write or shade the Question Booklet Series, their answer sheets were rejected without review.
Additionally, those candidates who wrote the series but did not shade it or shaded it incorrectly were only evaluated on the written series. Some candidates also made errors on their roll numbers, and their answer sheets were not evaluated.
Here are the direct links to check:

Following the release of results, selected candidates will proceed to certificate verification (CV), with the date and list of CV attendees to be communicated later. Additionally, results for candidates who filed Writ Petitions in the Honorable High Court of Chennai and Madurai have been disclosed. Eligible petitioners will be summoned for CV as directed by the respective court.
Check the official notice for more details.

CBSE Class 12 marks verification window closes tomorrow: Direct link to apply NOW

The CBSE had announced the board exam results for classes 10 and 12 on 13th May, 2024. Students who are not satisfied with their marks are eligible to apply for the verification of marks. The application window for marks verification opened on 17 May 2024 and will close tomorrow, 21 May. The verification fee for each subject is Rs. 500. The requests for all the verification processes are being accepted only online and no request will be entertained by CBSE after the due date or in offline mode, mentions the official notice.You can go through the official CBSE notice for marks verification and revaluation here .
Students who are not satisfied with the findings of marks verification can apply for revaluation of answers. The revaluation application window will be open from 6th of June to 7th of June.

Steps to apply for marks verification

Here is the step-by-step guide and direct link to apply for the marks verification process
Step1: Visit the CBSE official website,
Step 2: On the homepage, click on the ‘verification process’ option.
Step 3: The application form will open, fill in the required information.
Step 4: Click on submit after filling the form as per given instructions and pay the application fee.
Step5: Download the confirmation page for further use.
Alternatively, you can click here to directly apply for verification.

Multicultural kids are more likely to struggle at school

Multicultural children are more likely to be developmentally vulnerable when starting school, affecting their education, with repercussions that could carry into adulthood, a joint University of South Australia and Settlement Services International study has found.

Commitment to education for all renewed

Children attend a class at a school in Peshawar.  — AFP/Files
Children attend a class at a school in Peshawar. — AFP/Files

NOWSHERA: Regional Director of the Federal Government Education System in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Brigadier Shahid Anwar, has said that the government is committed to promoting education nationwide.

He highlighted the collaborative efforts of the government and the Pakistan Army to ensure the implementation of a uniform curriculum across the country and to enable both affluent and underprivileged children to receive quality education. Brig Anwar made these remarks while addressing a reunion and annual awards ceremony at the Federal Government Public High School in Nowshera Cantonment as the chief guest. The event was also attended by Lt Col Ahmed Bakhsh Watto, School Principal Sunbal Parveen, IPEC Foundation Chairman Dr Sami Shafi, Asia Kausar, and others. Former teachers and students were also present.

Brig Anwar underscored the importance of education in the 21st century, stating that eradicating ignorance was crucial for eliminating extremism and terrorism. He urged parents, teachers, and the Education Department to contribute towards achieving the goal.

Maharashtra Board HSC result 2024 declared, direct link to MSBSHSE scorecards at

The Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education has declared the Maharashtra Board Class 12 results today, May 21, 2024. The results have been declared at the press conference at 11:00 am and the direct link to the official website will be activated at 1 pm. Candidates who have appeared in the Maharashtra Board exams 2024 will be able to check their results once, it is released on the official website at

Students will be able to check and download their results by entering login credentials such as date of birth and roll number on the official results page.

Candidates will have to secure 35 percent in each subject and overall to pass the MSBSHSE HSC and SSC exams. Those who are unable to secure the minimum marks will likely have to appear in the supplementary exam.








Here are the steps to check your Class 12 board exam results:

  • Visit the official websites-,, or

  • Click on the result link provided on the website.

  • Enter your credentials, such as your roll number and date of birth, in the designated fields.

  • Once you’ve entered your information, proceed to view and download your results.


Step 1: On the messaging app on your phone.

Step 2: Then type MHHSC(SPACE)Seat Number or Roll Number

Step 3: Send the message to 57766.

Step 4: The Maharashtra Board result will be sent as an SMS.

According to MSBSHSE data, 15,13,909 candidates registered for this year’s HSC examination, including 8,21,450 boys and 6,92,424 girls. The science stream saw the highest number of enrollments with 7,60,046 students, followed by 3,81,982 in the Arts stream and 3,29,905 in the Commerce stream. In last year’s Maharashtra HSC exams, Konkan district achieved the highest pass percentage, with 96.01 percent of students passing.

Published By:

Shruti Bansal

Published On:

May 21, 2024

7 Harmful Racial Discourse Practices to Avoid


This resource identifies and describes seven harmful racial discourse practices that are found not only in mainstream media, but also more broadly throughout our society. They are used by public officials and their staff, by lawyers and judges, and by advocates of various political backgrounds, by cultural and entertainment figures, and by others with power and influence over public perception and behavior.

We provide definitions for the practices and describe the specific negative effects these practices have on racial discourse. Each practice discussion also contains an example or two of its use from recent events—some carried out by news media and others carried out by public officials and their staffs, by lawyers and judges, and by advocates of various political backgrounds, by cultural and entertainment figures, and by others with power and influence over public perception and behavior.


Taken as a whole, we argue that:

  • When these harmful racial discourse practices succeed, either individually or acting collectively within a single narrative, they stifle the general public’s understanding of systemic racism.
  • The seven harmful racial discourse practices reinforce the common misconception that racism is simply a problem of rare, isolated, individual attitudes and actions, and most damagingly, that as a significant barrier to the success of people of color, racism is a thing of the past .
  • Taken together, these harmful discourse practices often ostentatiously promote a blanket standard of “colorblindness,” while simultaneously promoting so-called “race-neutral” policies and practices that reinforce the power of white anxiety and fear in policymaking and decision-making.

Everyday recommendations for how readers can help overcome these harmful racial discourse practices follow this section of the report.

Gulf News Edufair 2024 draws record attendance as visitors explore higher education

The biggest edition of Gulf News Edufair concluded yesterday in Dubai with more than 8,000 visitors attending the event to explore higher education opportunities.

Over the past three days, the exhibition welcomed more than 30 prestigious universities and educational service providers from the UAE and abroad, and featured over 15 panel discussions and fireside chats providing in-depth insights into the future direction of the education sector.

Exhibitors were delighted with the exceptional turnout of visitors over three days and the opportunity to connect with prospective students. Edufair successfully attracted a highly targeted group of visitors, which resonated very well with exhibitors.

Visitors were equally pleased to find a diverse range of exhibitors at Edufair, showcasing everything from undergraduate and postgraduate courses to doctoral and professional programs. It was a one-stop destination for career counseling and spot admissions.

This year’s Edufair took place barely a week after the results of India’s CBSE and ICSE/ISC, and other education boards were announced, and students and parents seeking new admission opportunities for the September 2024 intake were delighted to discover an array of top-draw educational destinations under one roof at the event.

The exhibition was the perfect showcase of courses, degrees, and current education trends. Educators identified skill-based learning and lifelong education as key trends in higher education. They urge students to develop transferable skills alongside subject knowledge and cultivate a love for lifelong learning.

Earlier in the event, dignitaries, educators, and thought leaders praised Gulf News for its efforts in showcasing higher education opportunities in the UAE and facilitating opportunities for students to explore education abroad. They highlighted the event’s value in strengthening the education landscape and helping families achieve their educational goals.


Dr Mohammed Saeed Al Kindi, former UAE Minister of Environment & Water, delivering his keynote at Edufair
Image Credit:

Delivering his keynote address during the inauguration ceremony, Dr Mohammed Saeed Al Kindi, former UAE Minister of Environment & Water, said, “By pursuing higher education in the UAE, students can gain access to a wealth of career opportunities in the region. UAE is a strategic location and vibrant environment, making it an interesting and popular higher study destination for international students,” adding, “Edufair is a real motivation for all the students and parents to discover the new world-class higher education platform in the UAE .”


Dr Eesa Mohammed Al Bastaki, President, University of Dubai
Image Credit:

Dr Eesa Mohammed Al Bastaki, President, University of Dubai, said, “This platform is invaluable for both students and educational institutions, providing an opportunity to explore a wide range of programs available both locally and internationally. The strength of this event lies in its global reach, offering insights into opportunities abroad as well. University of Dubai is a proud partner of Gulf News Edufair and we have supported it since its inception. We look forward to continuing this collaboration and ensuring its success.”

Zayed University

Dr Sulaiman Al Jassim, Former Vice President of Zayed University
Image Credit:

Dr Sulaiman Al Jassim, Former Vice President of Zayed University, said, “Exhibitions like Edufair add significant value as the UAE becomes a hub for higher education. It showcases the quality of education available to students and parents. With so many higher education institutions in the UAE, families benefit from having their children study close to home, with excellent infrastructure and job opportunities available after graduation. The participation of leading international universities further enhances the value of Edufair.”


Satish Kumar Sivan, Consul General of India to Dubai
Image Credit:

Satish Kumar Sivan, Consul General of India to Dubai discussed how the strong UAE-India relations have significantly contributed to driving the UAE’s higher education landscape. “Edufair perfectly aligns with the growing India-UAE relations. In the last decade, several prestigious Indian institutions have chosen the UAE as their international destination, benefiting not only the expat Indian community in the UAE, but also the wider community in the Gulf, Middle East and Africa.”

David George, Publisher, Gulf News Commercial, expressed gratitude to Edufair’s sponsors and exhibitors for entrusting Gulf News to advance their vision. “Each year, Edufair continues to grow, both in scale and significance, attracting an ever-growing number of universities and students eager to explore the vast landscape of higher education opportunities in the UAE and beyond. As a comprehensive platform offering essential admission insights, course options, and invaluable career advice, Edufair remains the beacon guiding aspiring minds towards their academic aspirations in the UAE,” he said.

In response to the overwhelmingly positive feedback from both exhibitors and visitors, Gulf News has unveiled plans for the next edition of Edufair, slated for October.

“Over the past few years, Edufair has carved a niche to become one of the most anticipated events in the UAE education calendar. “Constantly raising the bar as a platform for students and teachers to gain and provide information and knowledge on the latest education trends, Edufair is the destination of choice for the best regional and global education institutions to connect with the student community in the UAE,” said Tina Bhakthavalsalan, Sales Manager, Supplements, Contract Publishing & Events, Gulf News.

“Based on the success of the current edition, we are now planning to create more opportunities for the UAE student community and launch the next edition of Edufair in October.”

Transitional kindergarten in California — without state help

In summary

The state mandates transitional kindergarten, but isn’t paying the tab for a small portion of wealthy school districts. Some are balking.

Lea este artículo en español.

In a major shift for early education, California is expanding its transitional kindergarten program to eventually include all 4-year-olds. While most districts will receive additional dollars for the expansion, 15% will not — and are facing tough budget choices as they comply with the new fall mandate.

Some of those districts — among the most affluent in California — say they are stretching existing budgets to create classrooms, moving money around to hire new teachers and trying to figure out how to fund renovations that include tiny toilets and preschool playground equipment.

Others say they have no plans to add transitional kindergarten, despite parent pleas, unless they get state funding.

Reed Union School District in the Bay Area town of Tiburon is one of the districts that won’t be getting state money for transitional kindergarten. Reed Union hasn’t offered the program in years but is planning to add it in the fall.

“For districts without any additional funding coming in it is a big financial commitment,” said Superintendent Kimberly McGrath. “It is fantastic for kids in our community to have an additional year of exceptional learning. We are going to embrace it and see it as working toward universal preschool.”

Reed Union is one of the 15% of districts statewide   known as basic aid districts.

Most California districts are funded through a state funding formula allocated on a per-student basis. But basic aid districts serve areas where local property taxes generate more money than the districts would receive if they took state funding.

Last year, the state committed more than $1 billion in the current budget to begin phasing in the expansion of transitional kindergarten, eventually including all 4-year-olds by 2025-26. None of that money will go to basic aid districts.

“I can see why basic aid districts might make an argument that the state has changed the rules substantially,” said Deborah Stipek, a professor at the Stanford Graduate School of Education. “But I don’t know how you’d address it. They can’t have it both ways.” 

Transitional kindergarten has been available to 4-year-olds with birthdays between September and December since 2012. It was created when kindergarten was limited to those who turned 5 by September. Previously, 4-year-olds could enroll in kindergarten in the fall if they turned 5 by December.

Last year’s decision to expand the program to all 4-year-olds means 500,000 children will be eligible by the end of the rollout. Starting this August, children who turn 5 between Sept. 2 and Feb. 2 will be able to enroll. Each school year the enrollment window will widen to include more students until 2025-26, when all 4-year-olds will be eligible.

Some districts don’t offer programs

Basic aid districts tend to be smaller districts, mostly coastal or rural with clusters in coastal San Diego County and the Bay Area. In all, there are about 150 basic aid districts among California’s approximately 1,000 districts, according to data from the California Department of Education. 

At least a dozen basic aid districts have not offered transitional kindergarten in recent years and some of them say they still won’t add the new grade despite the mandate.

“We do not plan to offer it because we are not receiving any funding from the state,” said Chris Delehanty, assistant superintendent of business services for Del Mar Elementary School District. “To add it would mean reducing or eliminating something we are already offering, increasing class size or reducing STEAM (science, technology, engineering, arts and math) offerings for our students or professional learning for our teachers.”

The district has eight elementary schools and serves nearly 4,000 students. Delehanty said if the district enrolled as many 4-year-olds as it does kindergartners each year, about 500, the district would have to add around 25 classrooms and hire twice that number of teachers and aides to meet state-required teacher-student ratios, which are generally smaller than those for older students. The estimated price: $4 million to roll out the program to all 4-year-olds. 

“We do not plan to offer it because we are not receiving any funding from the state.”

Chris Delehanty, assistant superintendent of business services for Del Mar Elementary School District

Transitional kindergarten, like kindergarten, is optional and experts say not all children who are eligible will enroll. Families may choose to stay in their subsidized or private preschool or child care or keep their kids at home. 

There are four other small coastal districts in San Diego County that are basic aid districts and also do not offer the program, including Solana Beach, Encinitas Union, Rancho Santa Fe and Cardiff school districts.

“We have all been advocating and lobbying for this mandate to be funded for all children,” said Andrée Grey, superintendent of Encinitas Union School District. “We recognize the value and appreciate the intent behind universal transitional kindergarten. However, it is critical that community-funded districts be able to access the funding that has been set aside, and there is not currently a mechanism for us to do that.”

But Stipek, the Stanford professor, said schools often have to reassess spending based on enrollment, policies, shifting focus and existing and new programs.

“Anytime you have to do something new, you have to do a redistribution of resources,” Stipek said. With transitional kindergarten, known as TK, she said, “your kids are going to learn more, do better, develop the kind of social skills that they need. So the benefits of having kids in TK will compensate for any reductions you have to make in other kinds of services.”

It’s unclear what happens if districts ignore the mandate. The California Department of Education refused to say whether it can enforce the mandate or how many schools are not providing transitional kindergarten.

Instead, it issued the following statement: “Basic aid districts should be offering TK if they offer kindergarten. In terms of enforcement, the CDE is continuing to work with basic aid districts that are not offering TK on issues” including what districts have to do to receive or keep their funding. 

Several basic aid districts in San Mateo and Marin counties said the mandate was the driving force behind their decision to create new transitional kindergarten. Those districts include Mill Valley, Reed Union, Hillsborough City Elementary, Menlo Park City Elementary and Miller Creek school districts. They all plan to offer transitional kindergarten programs in the fall. 

Even so, the financing is challenging. They need the state to provide money for the rollout in the coming years, several superintendents said.

Becky Rosales, superintendent of Miller Creek School District, noted in an email  that her district, in San Rafael, receives just enough in property taxes to be classified as basic aid. “I am hopeful that there will be some consideration at the state level of a remedy to support districts like ours.” 

“If funds were provided it would have an enormous impact.”

Kimberly McGrath, superintendent of Reed Union School District in tiburon

At Reed Union in Tiburon, the district, which has just three schools, will add two transitional kindergarten classrooms to serve up to 40 children, McGrath said.

The price tag: around $300,000 for the first year. 

“If funds were provided it would have an enormous impact,” McGrath said. “Even if just some up-front grant funds because while there are some ongoing costs there are a lot of one-time costs – equipment material purchases, planning time, playground equipment, facilities.”

In the midst of Kern County’s oil fields, where McKittrick Elementary School District offers transitional kindergarten when it is needed, said Barry Koerner, who is both superintendent and principal. The district has only one school and 86 students.

This year the school had its first 4-year-old in transitional kindergarten. Koerner hired an aide for the nine-student combo transitional kindergarten and kindergarten classroom to accommodate the one child.

“If I didn’t have resources built up we would have to cut,” he said. “We are rarely the ones they consider when making these big changes. We are doing everything we can to fight to keep our heads above water.”

Transitional kindergarten has been a pillar of Gov. Gavin Newsom’s agenda to eventually offer universal preschool to all children in California. The move is intended to benefit children eligible for subsidies who are waitlisted by fully enrolled-preschools or child care programs and those whose families can’t afford hefty tuition for private early childhood programs.

Legislators supported the plan, citing studies that say children do better in school if they attend preschool, and that preparation can help close the achievement gap.

“The evidence for the benefits of preschool, transitional kindergarten is strong enough now that we want all kids to have access to it — and that’s not the case right now,” said Stipek, who is part of a state task force to help the Commision on Teacher Credentialing create guidelines for teachers in early childhood. 

There are other reasons supporters push for transitional kindergarten.

Moving 4-year-olds into public schools sooner opens up seats in private and state subsidized preschool programs, child care centers and family-based child care homes for younger children. It also helps increase the overall number of students  in public schools as many California districts continue to see a drastic drop in enrollment. 

“The evidence for the benefits of preschool, transitional kindergarten is strong enough now that we want all kids to have access to it — and that’s not the case right now.”

Deborah Stipek, professor at the Stanford Graduate School of Education

In San Diego County, parent Lynette Jaiswal has been carefully tracking the discussion in both Del Mar and Solana Beach, as she owns homes in both places. She lives in Solana Beach but would have moved to her home in Del Mar if the district offered the program.

Last year, when it was time to find a transitional kindergarten program for her son, she said she was told to apply to an outside district. But that didn’t work out for her family because it was too far away. 

“I’m not the only parent struggling to find a place for my transitional kindergarten child,” she said. “I did find placement for my child but it’s very frustrating when you have a school district that can do something but they refuse to.”

Solana Beach School District officials did not return calls or emails seeking comment.

While many basic aid communities are considered affluent, there are also families in need of low-cost child care and preschool, said Jaiswal, who is a real estate agent. She said within the district there are hundreds of low-income housing units for families that typically rely on public schools. Also, many middle-class families have experienced COVID hardships and could benefit from a free public option for 4-year-olds.

Basic aid school districts, education organizations and some state legislators are advocating for the state to provide dedicated funding for basic aid districts.

Santa Barbara Democratic Sen. Monique Limón, who served on a school board when transitional kindergarten was first created, wrote a letter signed by 22 other legislators asking the Newsom administration to help the districts.

“We want TK to be successful,” she said. “To be successful you have to have the staff, you have to have the classroom and I’m not sure it should come at the expense of increasing class sizes for everyone else or cutting co-curricular programs and cutting curricular programs.”

If the state can’t offer funding, then districts may need more time to implement the expansion, she said.

Learn more about legislators mentioned in this story

Monique Limón

State Senate, District 19 (Santa Barbara)

Monique Limón

State Senate, District 19 (Santa Barbara)

How she voted 2021-2022

Liberal Conservative

District 19 Demographics


Latino 38%

White 47%

Asian 5%

Black 5%

Multi-race 4%

Voter Registration

Dem 37%

GOP 35%

No party 19%

Campaign Contributions

Sen. Monique Limón has taken at least $832,000 from the Labor sector since she was elected to the legislature. That represents 25% of her total campaign contributions.